Lyme disease is the most common tick-borne infection in Europe and North America. The disease is caused by bacteria from the complex Borrelia burgdorferi sl and transmitted by ticks of the genus Ixodes spp.
The transmission of the bacteria is made by the bite of Ixodes ticks. The risk of transmission increases with the time of attachment of the tick so its early detection and removal is essential to reduce the risk of infection.
The best prevention available for Lyme is to avoid tick bites by using long sleeved shirts and long trousers while moving trough tick habitats. Ticks from the genera Ixodes are most common in humid areas with high green grass and are distributed troughout the European mainland